The History of Decorative Wrought Iron Fences

The History of Decorative Wrought Iron Fences

The decorative wrought iron fencing you see today derives from ancient cultural necessities for tools and weaponry. Once discovered thousands of years ago, iron still plays an essential part in our everyday lives.

At Amazing Gates, we’ve been manufacturing and shipping wrought iron gates worldwide since 1997. Whether you’re looking for a classic piece or a customized gate, we’ll help you find that perfect accent for your home. Contact us today to see how we can give you a flawless look for your property.

Before we dive into the history of wrought iron, we’ll discuss what iron is and the differences between wrought and cast iron.

What’s iron?

Iron is a chemical element and the fourth common element found on Earth. Iron, by itself, is a strong metal. When combined with other elements, it forms steel, one of the strongest metals available.

Due to its light weight and malleability, it allows people to form it in many different ways. Raw, untreated iron is highly corrosive, though. By itself, it’s susceptible to rust and deterioration through time and exposure.

What’s the difference between wrought iron and cast iron?

Despite both being iron types, they differ in significant ways.

Chemical Composition

Wrought iron consists of pure iron and slag. Slag is the byproduct resulting from the smelting or refining of ore. Iron slag usually consists of these essential elements:

  • Silicon
  • Sulfur
  • Phosphorus
  • Aluminum oxide

Cast iron involves various iron alloys and usually contains silicon and manganese.

Piece Creation

How these irons are used to create pieces also differs significantly. Wrought iron is worked mechanically, often using hammers and anvils to create pieces.

Cast iron is heated to a molten, liquid state and poured into casts or molds. 

Malleability and Flexibility

Wrought iron is exceptionally malleable and flexible. It can be bent and twisted without breaking. Cast iron is the complete opposite. It breaks easily under pressure. Once cast iron has cooled, further manipulation is impossible.

History of Iron and Wrought Iron


1,500 BCE: The Discovery of Iron

Between 3,000-1,500 BCE marks the Bronze Age. Ancient civilizations used bronze to create weapons, tools, and other everyday objects. 

It was the Hittites in 1,500 BCE that discovered iron. They quickly adopted it for use in making their tools and weaponry. This malleable but strong material would begin changing the materials used by future civilizations.

500-400 BCE: The Beginning of the Iron Age

Even after the collapse of the Hittite civilization, iron gained speed as the preferred metal of choice. As societies began to evolve, iron became central to making weapons, utensils, pots, and other various pieces.

As the ancient people began to learn how to craft iron better, we began seeing iron used more constructively and decoratively. Buildings and homes began being built with iron. Iron was now being used to construct doors and fencing. 

With these constructions came ornamentation and decorative motifs.

1800s: The Construction of the Eiffel Tower

The 1800s brought the worldwide use of wrought iron and showed modern societies the significant accomplishments this metal could achieve.

From 1887-1889, Gustave Eiffel created the most notable structures in history. The Eiffel Tower still stands today as 1 of the greatest wonders of the world.

Located in Paris, France, this architectural wonderment inspired wealthy landowners to begin adorning their homes with wrought iron gates, fences, and decorative embellishments.

1900s: The Affordability of Wrought Iron

The end of the Industrial Age brought with it the decline of wrought iron construction. As steel and aluminum emerged, metal alternatives mixed with iron gave everyday citizens access to decorative and durable gates and fencing.

Now, everyone could afford to install decorative wrought iron fencing and gates around their homes and properties.

Wrought Iron Today

While we still call it wrought iron, its chemical makeup is different. Today’s wrought iron consists primarily of steel mixed with iron. Despite this, today’s modern wrought iron still gives you this classic aesthetic for a reasonable price. 

Whether wanting a decorative garden gate or an impenetrable property fence, wrought iron gives you the ability to have a solid yet beautiful structure.

Where to Buy Decorative Wrought Iron Fences

Whether needing an estate gate or something to protect your home and family, check out Amazing Gates. We offer premium wrought iron gates and fencing that can be shipped worldwide.

If wrought iron is not the look you’re going for, no problem! We offer a wide variety of gates and fencing made from various materials. If you don’t like what you see, call one of our specialists, and we can create a custom piece to match your style.

Contact us today to order your decorative wrought iron fence!

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